ECE 441
Physics and Modeling of Semiconductor Devices
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Displaying course information from Spring 2013.
Section  Type  Times  Days  Location  Instructor 

D  LCD  1100  1150  M W F  260 Everitt Lab  Elyse Rosenbaum 
Web Page  http://courses.engr.illinois.edu/ece441/ 

Official Description  Advanced concepts including generationrecombination, hot electron effects, and breakdown mechanisms; essential features of small ac characteristics, switching and transient behavior of pn junctions, and bipolar and MOS transistors; fundamental issues for device modeling; perspective and limitations of Sidevices. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 3 graduate hours. Prerequisite: ECE 340. 
Subject Area  Microelectronics and Photonics 
Course Prerequisites  Credit in ECE 340 
Course Directors 
JeanPierre Leburton

Detailed Description and Outline 
This course is designed to provide undergraduate students with a wide background and the ability to deal with advanced concepts in semiconductor electronic devices. Topics:

Topical Prerequisities 

Texts 
R. S. Muller and T. I. Kamins, Device Electronics for Integrated Circuits, 3rd ed., Wiley, New York. 
ABET Category 
Engineering Science: 2 credits or 67% Engineering Design 33% 
Course Goals 
This course is a technical elective for electrical engineering majors, and is recommended for students pursuing Graduate Study in Physical Electronics and Microelectronics. The course deals with advanced physical and technological concepts in Solid State Electronics Devices and prepares electrical engineering majors for taking followon courses in these areas. 
Instructional Objectives 
A. By the time of the Mid Term Exam (after 20 lectures + review), the students should be able to do the following: 1. Explain advanced physical concepts in Semiconductor Electronics such as carrier and impurity statistics, and hot carriers transport effects. (a,k) 2. Setup an electronic model for the charge distribution at a semiconductor interface as a function of the interface conditions. (a,e,k,m,n) 3. Apply Poisson equation to find the electronic properties of a semiconductor homojunction, a metalsemiconductor junction and a insulatorsemiconductor junction with interface charge. (a,k,m,n) 4. Explain the concepts of graded impurity distribution and potential barrier, and related approximations such as the depletion and quasineutrality approximations. (a,k,m) 5. Explain the concept of Debye length (intrinsic and extrinsic) (a) 6. Explain the concept of abrupt and graded doping. (a) 7. Compute the doping profile of an asymmetric PN junction given Capacitance Voltage characteristics. (a,e,k,m,n) 8. Explain the concept of breakdown voltage in relation with Avalanche and Zener breakdown. (a,e,m) 9. Explain the difference between donors/acceptors, traps and recombination centers. (a) 10. Apply the ShockleyHallRead model to determine the recombination rate of carriers in semiconductors. (a,k,m) 11. Explain the advanced concepts of Auger recombination and Surface recombination. (a,k,m) 12. Determine the carrier lifetime with the mechanisms defined in 10 and 11 above. (a,e,k,m) 13. Estimate and discuss the importance of spacecharge region currents in a PN junction. (a,m,n) B. By the time of the Final Exam (42 lectures + Midterm exam + review), the student should be able to do all of the items listed under A plus the following: 14. Explain in details the principle of BJT action and the difference between a prototype transistor and real transistors for intergrated circuits. (a,k) 15. Compute the Gummel number of a BJT. (a,k,m) 16. Explain the Early effect and its consequence for the BJT performances. (a,k) 17. Explain the effects of low and high emitter biases for the BJT performances. (a,k) 18. Explain the Kirk effect in BJT’s. (a,k) 19. Estimate the effects of base resistance and its consequence for the BJT performances. (a,k,m,n) 20. Estimate the base transit time in a BJT as a function of the base graded doping. (a,k,m,n) 21. Use the chargecontrol model to determine the switching characteristics of a BJT. (a,e,k,m,n) 22. Explain the concept of deepdepletion and its influence on the CV curve of a MOS system. (a,k,m) 23. Derive the different surface regimes from the CV curve of a MOS system.(a,e,k,m,n) 24. Determine the different components of the oxide charge and their influence on the flatband voltage and the threshold voltage. (a,e,k) 25. Explain the difference between the charge control model and the variabledepletion charge model for the IV characteristics of a MOSFET. (a,k,m) 26. Estimate theoretically the transit time of a MOSFET before saturation. (a,e) 27. Extract the threshold voltage of a MOSFET from experimental data. (a,b,k,m,n) 28. Determine the design rule for the threshold voltage of a MOSFET. (a,c,k,m,n) 29. Estimate the magnitude of the subthreshold current in a MOSFET. (a,k,,m,n) 30. Discuss the causes for the channel velocity modulation in a MOSFET. (a,k) 31. Discuss the effects of hot carriers, short and small channel MOSFET’s on the performances of the devices. (a,c,k,,m,n) 32. Discuss the breakdown mechanisms in MOSFET’s. (a,k) 33. Explain the scaling laws for smaller size MOSFET’s. (a,c,k,m,n) 