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Contact Info

William H. Sanders
Interim Department Head
ECE ILLINOIS
1406 W. Green St.
Urbana, IL 61801-2918
Ph: (217) 333-2300
Fax: (217) 244-7075
whs@illinois.edu

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William King

Electrical and Computer Engineering
William King
William King
Professor
  • Mechanical Science and Engineering
4409 Mechanical Engineering Lab
105 S. Mathews
Urbana Illinois 61801
(217) 244-3864

Affiliation

  • Mechanical Science and Engineering

Primary Research Area

  • Nanomechanics & Nanomanufacturing

Education

  • Ph.D. ME Stanford University 2002
  • M. S. ME Stanford University 1998
  • B.S. ME University of Dayton 1996

Academic Positions

  • Professor, Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, UIUC, 2010-date
  • Kritzer Faculty Scholar, Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, UIUC, 2006-2010
  • Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, UIUC, 2006-2010
  • Assistant Professor, Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2002-2006
  • Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, 2002

For more information

Research Website

Other Professional Employment

Research Staff Member, IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, 1999-2001

Major Consulting Activities

  • Hoowaki LLC, co-Founder and Chief Technology Officer, 2008-2012
  • Defense Sciences Research Council, 2007-2014, Associate Chair 2012-2014
  • IP2Biz, Scientific Advisory Board Member, 2006-present, Chair of the Scientific Advisory Board, 2008-present
  • Anasys Instruments, Inc., Scientific Advisory Board Member, 2005-present

Research Statement

The Nanoengineering Laboratory works across the technical areas of nanotechnology, instrumentation, materials science, thermal transport, and micro- and nano-manufacturing. We take a broad view towards aligning our work across the domains of science, technology, and commerce. Researchers join the Nanoengineering Laboratory to develop their skills for understanding scientific fundamentals, advancing the state of the art technology, and seeking translational impact.

Research Interests

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science
  • Manufacturing
  • Micro- and Nano-Technology
  • Heat Transfer
  • Thermal Sciences

Selected Articles in Journals

  • King, W.P., B. Bhatia, J.R. Felts, H.J. Kim, B. Kwon, B. Lee, S. Somnath, and M. Rosenberger, "Heated Atomic Force Microscope Cantilevers and their Applications," Annual Review of Heat Transfer Vol. 12, 287-326, 2013.
  • Ramesh, A., W. Akram, S.P. Mishra, A.H. Cannon, A.A. Polycarpou, and W.P. King, "Friction Characteristics of Microtextured Surfaces under Hydrodynamic Lubrication," Tribology International 57, 170–176, 2013.
  • Felts, J.R., K. Kjoller, M. Lo, C.B. Prater, and W.P. King, "Nanometer Scale Infrared Spectroscopy of Heterogeneous Polymer Nanostructures Fabricated by Tip-Based Nanofabrication," ACS Nano 6, 8015-8021, 2012.
  • Rosenberger, M.R., B. Kwon, D.G. Cahill, and W.P. King, "Impact of Silicon Nitride Thickness on the Infrared Sensitivity of Silicon Nitride-Aluminum Microcantilevers," Sensors and Actuators A 185, 17-23.
  • Rice, R., P. Mokarian-Tabari, W.P. King, and R. Szoszkiewicz, "Local Thermo-Mechanical Analysis of a Microphase Separated Thin Lamellar PS-b-PEO Film," Langmuir 28, 13503-13511.
  • Millet, L.J., E.A. Corbin, R. Free, K. Park, H.J. Kong, W.P. King, and R. Bashir, "The Characterization of Mass and Swelling of Hydrogel Microstructures using MEMS Resonant Mass Sensor Arrays," Small 8, 2555–2562, 2012. Cover article.
  • Ozerinc, S., K. Tai, N.Q. Vo, P. Bellon, R.S. Averback, and W.P. King, "Grain Boundary Doping Strengthens Nanocrystalline Copper Alloys," Scripta Materiala 67, 720-723, 2012.
  • Braun, P.V., J. Cho, J.H. Pikul, W.P. King, and H. Zhang, "High Power Rechargeable Batteries," Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science 16, 186–198, 2012.
  • Jackson, R., P.C. Fletcher, K. Jambunathan, A.R. Damodaran, J.N. Emmerich, H. Teng, W.P. King, L.W. Martin, and Y. Wu, "Note: Electrical and Thermal Characterization of a Ferroelectric Thin Film with an Electro-Thermal Nanoprobe," Review of Scientific Instruments 83, 076105, 2012.
  • Lee, B., and W.P. King, "2-w and 3-w Temperature Measurement of a Heated Microcantilever," Review of Scientific Instruments 83, 074902, 2012.
  • Greiner, C., J.R. Felts, Z. Dai, W.P. King, and R.W. Carpick, "Controlling Nanoscale Friction through the Competition between Capillary Adsorption and Thermally-Activated Sliding," ACS Nano 6, 4305-4313, 2012.
  • Lee, J., B.J. Lee, and W.P. King, "Deflection Sensitivity Calibration of Heated Microcantilevers Using Pseudo-gratings," IEEE Sensors Journal 12, 2666-2667, 2012.
  • Felts, J.R., S. Somnath, R.H. Ewoldt, and W.P. King, "Nanometer-Scale Flow of Molten Polyethylene from a Heated Atomic Force Microscope Tip," Nanotechnology 23, 215301, 2012.
  • Kwon, B., M.V. Schulmerich, L.J. Elgass, R. Kong, S.E. Holton, R. Bhargava, and W.P. King, "Infrared Microspectroscopy Combined with Conventional Atomic Force Microscopy," Ultramicroscopy 116, 56-61, 2012.
  • Maniscalco, N.I., K.D. Ko, K.C. Toussaint, and W.P. King, "Microcantilever with Integrated Light-Emitting Schottky-Barrier Avalanche-Breakdown Diodes," Micro and Nano Letters 7, 314–316, 2012.
  • Hu, H., J. Yeom, G. Mensing, Y. Chen, M.A. Shannon, and W.P. King, "Nano-Fabrication with a Flexible Array of Nano-Apertures," Nanotechnology 23, 175303, 2012.
  • Kwon, B., M. Rosenberger, R. Bhargava, D.G. Cahill, and W.P. King, "Dynamic Thermomechanical Response of Bimaterial Microcantilevers to Periodic Heating by Infrared Radiation," Review of Scientific Instruments 83, 015003, 2012.
  • Lee, W.K., M. Yang, A.R. Laracuente, W.P. King, L.J. Whitman, and P.E. Sheehan, "Direct-Write Polymer Nanolithography in Ultra-High Vacuum," Journal of Nanotechnology 3, 22-26, 2012.
  • Lee, B., C.B. Prater, and W.P. King, "Magnetic Actuation of a Heated Atomic Force Microscope Cantilever using Lorentz Force," Nanotechnology 23, 055709, 2012. Selected as a 2012 Highlight Article.
  • Fletcher, P.C., B. Lee, and W.P. King, "Thermoelectric Voltage at a Nanometer-Scale Heated Tip Point Contact," Nanotechnology 23, 035401, 2012. Cover article.
  • Arpin, K.A., J.H. Pikul, W.P. King, H. Fanc, and P.V. Braun, "Template Directed Assembly of Dynamic Micellar Nanoparticles," Soft Matter 7, 10252-10257, 2011.
  • Lee, W.K., J.T. Robinson, D. Gunlycke, R.R. Stine, C.R. Tamanaha, W.P. King, and P.E. Sheehan, "Chemically Isolated Graphene Nanoribbons Reversibly Formed in Fluorographene Using Polymer Nanowire Masks," Nano Letters 11, 5461-5464, 2011.
  • Corbin, E.A., and W.P. King, "Electrical Noise Characteristics of a Doped Silicon Microcantilever Heater-Thermometer," Applied Physics Letters 99, 263107, 2011.
  • Chung, S., J.R. Felts, W. Wang, W.P. King, and J.J. Deyoreo, "Temperature-Dependence of Ink Transport during Thermal Dip-Pen Nanolithography," Applied Physics Letters 99, 193101, 2011. Cover article.
  • Somnath, S., E.A. Corbin, and W.P. King, "Improved Nanotopography Sensing via Temperature Control of a Heated Atomic Force Microscope Cantilever," IEEE Sensors Journal 11, 2664-2670, 2011.
  • Bhatia, B., J. Karthik, D.G. Cahill, L.W. Martin, and W.P. King, "High-Temperature Piezoresponse Force Microscopy," Applied Physics Letters 99, 173103, 2011.
  • Kim, S., Y. Bastani, H. Lu, W.P. King, S.R. Marder, K.H. Sandhage, A. Gruverman, E. Riedo, and N. Bassiri-Gharb, "Direct Fabrication of Arbitrary-Shaped Ferroelectric Nanostructures on Plastic, Glass and Silicon Substrates," Advanced Materials 23, 3786, 2011.
  • Pikul, J.H., P. Graf, S. Mishra, K. Barton, Y.-K. Kim, J.A. Rogers, A. Alleyne, P.M. Ferreira, and W.P. King, "Electrohydrodynamic Printing of Polymer onto Microcantilever Sensors," IEEE Sensors Journal 11, 2246-2253, 2011.
  • Fletcher, P.C., B.S. Bhatia, Y. Wu, M.A. Shannon, and W.P. King, "Electro-Thermal Atomic Force Microscope Cantilever with Integrated Heater and NPN Back-To-Back Diodes," Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems 20, 644-653, 2011.
  • Maniscalco, N.I. and W.P. King, "Microcantilever with Integrated Solid-State Heater, Conductive Tip, and Schottky Diode," Sensors and Actuators A 168, 351–357, 2011.
  • Doll, J.C., E.A. Corbin, W.P. King, and B. Pruitt, "Self Heating in Piezoresistive Cantilevers," Applied Physics Letters 98, 223103, 2011.
  • Grosse, K.L., M.H. Bae, F. Lian, E. Pop, and W.P. King, "Nanoscale Joule heating, Peltier Cooling and Current Crowding in Graphene-Metal Contacts," Nature Nanotechnology 6, 287-290, 2011.
  • Radadia, A.D., C.J. Stavis, R. Carr, H. Zheng, W.P. King, J.A. Carlisle, A. Aksimentiev, R.J. Hamers, and R. Bashir, "Control of Nanoscale Environment to Improve Stability of Immobilized Proteins on Diamond Surfaces," Advanced Functional Materials 21, 1040-1050, 2011. Cover article.
  • Stavis, C., T.L. Clare, J.E. Butler, A.D. Radadia, R. Carre, H. Zeng, W.P. King, J.A. Carlisle, A. Aksimentiev, R. Bashir, and R.J. Hamers, "Surface Functionalization of Thin-Film Diamond for Highly Stable and Selective Biological Interfaces," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108, 983–988, 2011.
  • Kwon, B., C. Wang, K. Park, R. Bhargava, and W.P. King, "Thermomechanical Sensitivity of Microcantilevers in the Mid-infrared Spectral Region," Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering 15, 16-28, 2011. Cover article.
  • Nikiforov, M.P., S. Hohlbauch, W.P. King, K. Voïtchovsky, S.A. Contera, S. Jesse, S.V. Kalinin, and R. Proksch, "Temperature-Dependent Phase Transitions of a Complex Biological Membrane in Zepto-Liter Volumes," Nanotechnology 22, 055709, 2011.
  • Greiner, C., J.R. Felts, Z. Dai, W.P. King, and R.W. Carpick, "Local Nanoscale Heating Modulates Single-Asperity Friction," Nano Letters 10, 4640-4645, 2010.
  • Privorotskaya, N.L., H. Zheng, J.A. Carlisle, R. Bashir, and W.P. King, "Piezoresistive Microcantilevers from Ultrananocrystalline Diamond," Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems 19, 1234-1242, 2010.
  • Privorotskya, N.L, C.J. Choi, B.T. Cunningham, and W.P. King, "Sensing Micrometer-Scale Deformations via Stretching of a Photonic Crystal," Sensors and Actuators A 161, 66-71, 2010.
  • Steele, A., I. Bayer, S. Moran, A.H. Cannon, W.P. King, and E. Loth, "Conformal ZnO Nanocomposite Coatings on Micro-Patterned Surfaces for Superhydrophobicity," Thin Solid Films 518, 5426-5431, 2010.
  • Poellmann, M.J., P. Harrell, W.P. King, and A.J. Wagoner-Johnson, "Geometric Microenvironment Directs Cell Morphology on Topographically Patterned Hydrogel Substrates," Acta Biomateriala 6, 3514-3523, 2010.
  • Fletcher, P.C., J.R. Felts, Z. Dai, T.B. Jacobs, H. Zeng, W.K. Lee, P.E. Sheehan, J.A. Carlisle, R.W. Carpick, and W.P. King, "Wear Resistant Diamond Nanoprobe Tips with Integrated Silicon Heater for Tip-Based Nanomanufacturing," ACS Nano 4, 3338-3344, 2010.
  • Laracuente, A. R., M. Yang, W. K. Lee, L. Senapati, J. W. Baldwin, P. E. Sheehan, W. P. King, S.C. Erwin, and L. J. Whitman, "Reversible Electron-Induced Conductance in Polymer Nanostructures," Journal of Applied Physics 107, 103723, 2010.
  • Wei, Z., D. Wang, S. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, Y. Hu, M.K. Yakes, A.R. Laracuente, Z. Dai, S.R. Marder, C. Berger, W.P. King, W.A. deHeer, P.E. Sheehan, and E. Riedo, "Nanoscale Tunable Reduction of Graphene Oxide for Graphene Electronics," Science 328, 1373-1376, 2010. Chemical and Engineering News of the Week June 14, 2010. Featured as a Research Highlight in Nature Chemistry July 2010.
  • Cannon, A. H. and W. P. King, "Visualizing Contact Line Phenomena on Microstructured Superhydrophobic Surfaces," Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B 28, L21-24, 2010.
  • Kjoller, K., J.R. Felts, D. Cook, C.B. Prater, and W.P. King, "High-Sensitivity Nanometer-Scale Infrared Spectroscopy using a Contact Mode Microcantilever with Internal Resonator Paddle," Nanotechnology 21, 185705, 2010.
  • Privorotskya, N.L., Y.S. Liu, J. Lee, H. Zeng, J.A. Carlisle, A. Radadia, L. Millet, R. Bashir, and W.P. King, "Rapid Thermal Lysis of Cells using Silicon-Diamond Microcantilever Heaters," Lab on a Chip 10, 1135-1141, 2010. Cover article.
  • Greve, A., J. Olsen, N.L. Privorotskaya, L. Senesac, T. Thundat, W.P. King, and A. Boisen, "Micro-Calorimetric Sensor for Vapor Phase Explosive Detection with Optimized Heat Profile," Microelectronic Engineering 87, 5-8, 696-698, 2010.
  • Kasper, M.J., V.K. Natrajan, N.L. Privorotskaya, K.T. Christensen, and W.P. King, "Natural Advection from a Microcantilever Heat Source," Applied Physics Letters 96, 063113, 2010.
  • Lee, W. K., Z. Dai, W. P. King, and P. E. Sheehan, "Maskless Nanoscale Writing of Nanoparticle-Polymer Composites and Nanoparticle Assemblies using Thermal Nanoprobes," Nano Letters 10, 129-133, 2010
  • Cannon, A. H., and W. P. King, "Microstructured Metal Molding Tools Fabricated via Investment Casting," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 20, 025025, 2010.
  • Cannon, A. H. and W. P. King, "Hydrophobicity of Curved Microstructured Surfaces," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 20, 025018, 2010.
  • Dai, Z. T., E. A. Corbin, and W. P. King, “Microcantilever Heater-Thermometer with Thermal Isolation Layer for Making Thermal Nanotopography Measurements,” Nanotechnology, 21, 055503, 2010.
  • Wang, D., S. Kim, W. D. Underwood, A. J. Giordano, Z. Dai, W. P. King, S. R. Marder, and E. Riedo, "Direct Writing and Characterization of Poly(p-phenylene vinylene) Nanostructures," Applied Physics Letters, 95, 233108, 2009.
  • Wang, D., V. Kodali, W. D. Underwood, J. E. Jarvholm, T. Odaka, S. C. Jones, M. Rumi, Z. Dai, W. P. King, S. R. Marder, J. E. Curtis, and E. Riedo, “Thermochemical Nanolithography for Direct Assembling of Nano-Objects,” Advanced Functional Materials, 19, 3696–3702, 2009. Cover Article.
  • Felts, J.R. and W. P. King, “Mechanical Design for Tailoring the Resonance Harmonics of an Atomic Force Microscope Cantilever during Tip-Surface Contact,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 19, 115008, 2009.
  • Gnecco, E., E. Riedo, W.P. King, S.R. Marder, and R. Szoszkiewicz, “Linear Ripples and Traveling Circular Ripples Produced on Polymers by Thermal AFM Probes,” Physical Review B, 79, 235421, 2009.
  • Cannon, A. H. and W. P. King, “Casting Metal Microstructures from a Flexible and Reusable Mold,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 19, 095016, 2009.
  • Corbin, E. C., K. Park, and W. P. King, “Room-Temperature Temperature Sensitivity and Resolution of Doped-Silicon Microcantilevers, Applied Physics Letters, 94, 243503, 2009. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology, June 29, 2009.
  • Privorotskaya, N. L. and W. P. King, ‘Silicon Microcantilever Hotplates with High Temperature Uniformity,” Sensors and Actuators A, 152, 160-167, 2009.
  • Lee, J., A. Liao, E. Pop, and W. P. King, “Electrical and Thermal Coupling to a Single-wall Carbon Nanotube Device using an Electro-thermal Nanoprobe,” Nano Letters, 0:4, 1356-1361, 2009.
  • Demko, M. T., Z. Dai, H. Yan, W. P. King, M. Cakmak, and A. R. Abramson, “Application of the Thermal Flash Technique for Low Thermal Diffusivity Micro/Nanofibers,” Review of Scientific Instruments, 80, 036103, 2009.
  • Charest, J. L., J. M. Jennings, W. P. King, A. P. Kowalczyk, and A. J. Garcia, “Cadherin-mediated Cell-Cell Contact Regulates Keratinocyte Differentiation,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 129, 564-572, 2009.
  • Kim, K. J. and W. P. King, “Thermal Conduction between a Heated Microcantilever and Surrounding Air Environment,” Applied Thermal Engineering, 29, 1631-1641, 2009.
  • Dai, Z. T., W. P. King, and K. Park, “100 nm Scale Resistive Heater-Thermometer on a Silicon Cantilever,” Nanotechnology, 20, 095301, 2009. Cover Article. Selected as one of the journal highlights of 2009.
  • Nafday, O. A., B. L. Weeks, W. P. King, J. Lee, “Inducing Nanoscale Morphology Changes of Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate Using a Heated Atomic Force Microscope Cantilever,” Journal of Energetic Materials, 27, 1-16, 2009.
  • Privorotskaya, N. and W. P. King, “The Mechanics of Polymer Swelling on Microcantilever Sensors,” Microsystem Technologies Journal, 15, 333-340, 2009.
  • Lee, J., C. M. Spadaccini, E. V. Mukerjee, and W. P. King, “Differential Scanning Calorimeter based Suspended Membrane Single Crystal Silicon Micro Hotplate,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 17:6, 1513-1525, 2008.
  • Lee, J. and W. P. King, “Liquid Operation of Silicon Microcantilever Heaters,” IEEE Sensors Journal, 8:11, 1805-1806, November 2008.
  • Rowland, H. D., W. P. King, J. B. Pethica, and G. L. W. Cross, “Molecular Confinement Accelerates Deformation of Entangled Polymers During Squeeze Flow,” Science, 322, 720-724, October 2008. Profiled as a news item: “Putting the Squeeze on Polymers,” Nano Today, 4, 3, 2009.
  • Loui, A., F. T. Goericke, T. V. Ratto, J. Lee, B. R. Hart, and W. P. King, “The Effect of Piezoresistive Microcantilever Geometry and Cantilever Sensitivity during Surface Stress Chemical Sensing,” Sensors and Actuators A, 147, 516-521, 2008.
  • Eliason, M. T., E. O. Sunden, A. H. Cannon, S. Graham, A. J. Garcia, and W. P. King, “Polymer Cell Culture Substrates with Micropatterned Carbon Nanotubes,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research A, 86A:4, 996-1001, 2008.
  • Gurrum, S. P., Y. K. Joshi, W. P. King, K. Ramakrishna, and M. Gall, “A Compact Approach to On-Chip Interconnect Heat Conduction Modeling Using the Finite Element Method,” ASME Journal of Electronic Packaging, 130, 031001, 2008.
  • Lee, W.-Y., L. J. Whitman, J. Lee, W. P. King, and P. E. Sheehan, “The Nanopatterning of Stimulus-Responsive Polymer by Thermal Dip Pen Nanolithography,” Soft Matter, 4, 1844-1847, 2008.
  • Park, K., Z. M. Zhang, and W. P. King, “Experimental Investigation on the Heat Transfer Between a Heated Microcantilever and a Substrate,” Journal of Heat Transfer, 130, 102401-1-102401-9, October 2008.
  • Lee, J, F. H. Hunter, A. Glezer, and W. P. King, “Phase Change and Cooling Characteristics of Microjets Measured using Microcantilever Heaters,” Sensors and Actuators A, 147, 64-69, 2008.
  • Goericke, F. T. and W. P. King, “Modeling Piezoresistive Cantilever Response to Surface Stress,” IEEE Sensors, 8:8, 1404-1410, 2008
  • Lee, J., F. T. Goericke, and W. P. King, “Temperature Dependant Thermomechanical Noise Spectra of Doped Silicon Microcantilevers,” Sensors and Actuators A, 145-146, 37-43, 2008.
  • Whelan, A., Y. Joshi, and W. P. King, “Improved Compact Thermal Model for Studying 3-D Interconnect Structures with Low-K Dielectrics,” Microelectronics Journal, 38, 1016-1022, 2008.
  • Gurrum, S., W. P. King, and Y. K. Joshi, “A Semi-Analytical Solution for the 3w Method Including the Effect of Heater Thermal Conduction,” Journal of Applied Physics, 103, 113517, 2008.
  • Gurrum, S., W. P. King, and Y. K. Joshi, “Size Effect on the Thermal Conductivity of Thin Metallic Films Investigated by Scanning Joule Expansion Microscopy (SJEM),” Journal of Heat Transfer, 130, 082403, 2008.
  • Lee, J. and W. P. King, “Microthermogravimetry using a Microcantilever Hotplate with Integrated Temperature Compensated Piezoresistive Strain Sensors,” Review of Scientific Instruments, 79, 054901, 2008. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.
  • Hua, Y., W. P. King, and C. L. Henderson, “Nanopatterning Materials Using Area Selective Atomic Layer Deposition in Conjunction with Thermochemical Surface Modification via Heated AFM Cantilever Probe Lithography,” Microelectronic Engineering, 85, 934-936, 2008.
  • Park, K., R. Bhargava, and W. P. King, “Routine Femtogram-Level Chemical Analysis using Vibrational Spectroscopy and Self-Cleaning Scanning Probe Microscopy Tips,” Analytical Chemistry, 80, 3221-3228, 2008.
  • Rowland, H. D., G. L. W. Cross, B. S. O’Connell, J. B. Pethica, and W. P. King, “Measuring Glassy and Viscoelastic Polymer Flow in Molecular-Scale Gaps using a Flat Punch Mechanical Probe,” ACS Nano, 2:3, 419-428, 2008.
  • Lee, J., and W. P. King, “Improved All-Silicon Microcantilever Heaters with Integrated Piezoresistive Sensing,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 17:2, April 2008.
  • Nelson, B. A. and W. P. King, “Modeling and Simulation of the Interface Temperature Between a Heated Silicon Tip and a Substrate,” Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering, 12:1, 98-115, 2008.
  • Goericke, F. T., J. Lee, and W. P. King, “Microcantilever Hotplates with Temperature-compensated Piezoresistive Strain Sensors,” Sensors and Actuators A, 143, 181-190, 2008.
  • Yang, F., E. Wornyo, K. Gall, and W. P. King, “Thermomechanical Formation and Recovery of Nanoindents in a Shape Memory Polymer Studied using a Heated Tip,” Scanning, 30, 197-202, 2008.
  • Park, K., S. Basu, W. P. King, and Z. M. Zhang, “Performance Analysis of Near-Field Thermophotovoltaic Devices Considering Absorption Distribution,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 109, 305-316, 2008.
  • Lee, J. and W. P. King, “Microcantilever Actuation via Periodic Internal Heating,” Review of Scientific Instruments, 78, 126102, 2007. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology. One of the 20 most downloaded articles from Review of Scientific Instruments during December 2007.
  • Wang, D., R. Szoszkiewicz, M. Lucas, E. Riedo, T. Okada, S. C. Jones, S. R. Marder, J. Lee, and W. P. King, “Local Wettability Modification by Thermochemical Nanolithography with Read-Write-Overwrite Capability,” Applied Physics Letters 91, 243104, 2007.
  • Aeschimann, L., F. Goericke, J. Polesel-Maris, A. Meister, T. Akiyama, B. Chui, U. Staufer, R. Pugin, H. Heinzelmann, N. F. de Rooij, W.P. King, and P. Vettiger, “Piezoresistive Scanning Probe Arrays for Operation in Liquids,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 61, 6-10, 2007.
  • Remmert, J. L., Y. Wu, M. A. Shannon, and W. P. King, “Contact Potential Measurement using a Heated Atomic Force Microscope Cantilever Tip,” Applied Physics Letters, 91, 143111, 2007.
  • Harding, L., W. P. King, X. Dai, D. Q. M. Craig, and M. Reading, “Nanoscale Characterization and Imaging of Partially Amorphous Materials using Local Thermomechanical Analysis and Heated Tip AFM,” Pharmaceuticals Research 24, 2048-2054 , 2007.
  • Rowland, H. D., A. C. Sun, P. R. Schunk, G. L. W. Cross, and W. P. King “Predicting Polymer Flow during High-Temperature Atomic Force Microscope Nanoindentation,” Macromolecules, 40, 8096-8103, 2007.
  • Cross, G. L. W., B. S. O’Connell, J. B. Pethica, H. D. Rowland, and W. P. King, “Variable Temperature Thin Film Indentation with a Flat Punch,” Review of Scientific Instruments, 79, 013904, 2007.
  • Nelson, B. A., and W. P. King, “Temperature Calibration of Heated Silicon Atomic Force Microscope Cantilevers,” Sensors and Actuators A, 140, 51-59, 2007.
  • Yang, F., E. Wornyo, K. Gall, and W. P. King, “Nanoscale Indent Formation in Shape Memory Polymers using a Heated Probe Tip,” Nanotechnology, 18, 285302, 2007.
  • Eliason, M. T., J. L. Charest, B. A. Simmons, A. J. García, and W. P. King, “Nanoimprint Fabrication of Polymer Cell Substrates with Combined Microscale and Nanoscale Topography,” Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, 24, L31-L34, 2007. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Biological Physics Research.
  • Wornyo, E., K. Gall, F. Yang, and W. P. King, “Nanoindentation of Shape Memory Polymer Networks,” Polymer, 48, 3213-3225, 2007.
  • Park, K., A. Marchenkov, Z. M. Zhang, and W. P. King, “Low Temperature Characterization of Heated Microcantilevers,” Journal of Applied Physics, 101, 094504, 2007. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology.
  • Chui, B. W., L. Aeschimann, T. Akiyama, U. Staufer, N.F. DeRooij, J. Lee, F. Goericke, W. P. King, and P. Vettiger, “Advanced Temperature Compensation for Piezoresistive Sensors based on Crystallographic Orientation,” Review of Scientific Instruments, 78, 043706, 2007. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology.
  • Szoszkiewicz, R., T. Okada, S. C. Jones, T.-D. Li, W. P. King, S. R. Marder, and E. Riedo, “High-Speed, Sub-15 nm Feature Size Thermochemical Nanolithography,” Nano Letters, 7, 1064-1069, 2007.
  • Park, K., J. Lee, Z. M. Zhang, and W. P. King, “Topography Imaging with a Heated Atomic Force Microscope Cantilever in Tapping Mode,” Review of Scientific Instruments, 78, 043709, 2007. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology.
  • Charest, J., A. Garcia, and W. P. King, “Myoblast Alignment and Differentiation on Cell Culture Substrates having Microscale Topography and Model Chemistries,” Biomaterials, 28, 2202-2210, 2007.
  • Nelson, B. A. and W. P. King, “Measuring Material Softening with Nanoscale Spatial Resolution using Heated Silicon Probes,” Review of Scientific Instruments, 78, 023702, 2007. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology.
  • Hua, Y., S. Saxena, C. L. Henderson, and W. P King, “Nanoscale Thermal Lithography by Local Polymer Decomposition Using a Heated Atomic Force Microscope Cantilever Tip” Journal of Micro-Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS, 6, 023012, 2007.
  • Park, K., J. Lee, Z. M. Zhang, and W. P. King, “Frequency-Dependant Electrical and Thermal Response of Heated Atomic Force Microscope Cantilevers,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 16, 213-222, 2007.
  • King, W. P. and K. E. Goodson, “Thermomechanical Formation of Nanoscale Polymer Indents with a Heated Silicon Tip,” Journal of Heat Transfer, 129, 1600-1604, 2007.
  • Lee, J. and W. P. King, “Microcantilever Hotplates: Design, Fabrication, and Characterization” Sensors and Actuators A, 136, 291-298, 2007.
  • Kim, K. J., K. Park, J. Lee, Z. M. Zhang, and W. P. King, “Nanotopographical Imaging using a Heated Atomic Force Microscope Cantilever Probe,” Sensors and Actuators A, 136, 95-103, 2007.
  • Lee, J., K. Naeli, H. Hunter, J. Berg, T. Wright, C. Courcimault, N. Naik, M. Allen, O. Brand, A. Glezer, and W. P. King, “Characterization of Liquid and Gaseous Micro-and Nanojets using Microcantilever Sensors,” Sensors and Actuators A-Physical, 134, 128-139, 2007.
  • Naik, N., C. Courcimault, J. Berg, H. Hunter, J. Lee, K. Naeli, T. Wright, M. G. Allen, O. Brand, A. Glezer and W. P. King, “Microfluidics for Generation and Characterization of Liquid and Gaseous Micro- and Nanojets,” Sensors and Actuators A, 134, 119-127, 2007.
  • Abel, M. R., T. L. Wright, S. Graham, and W. P. King, “Thermal Metrology of Silicon Microstructures using Raman Microscopy,” IEEE Transactions on Components and Packaging Technology, 30, 200-208, 2007.
  • Gallant, N. D., J. L. Charest, W. P. King, and A. J. García, “Micro- and Nano-Patterned Substrates to Manipulate Cell Adhesion,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 7:3, 803-807, 2007.
  • Lee, J., T. L. Wright, M. R. Abel, E. O. Sunden, A. Marchenkov, S. Graham, and W. P. King, “Thermal Conduction from Microcantilever Heaters in Partial Vacuum,” Journal of Applied Physics, 101, 014906, 2007. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology.
  • Marder, S. R, T. Okada, S. C. Jones, E. Riedo, R. Szoszkiewicz, W. P. King, J. Wang, S. Barlow, J.W. Perry, V. Chen, M. Rumi, J. M. Hales, W. Dong, and W. Haske, “Materials for Fabrication of Nanoscale Structures,” Polymer Preprints, 27, 1018-1019, 2006.
  • Lee, J., T. L. Wright, T. Beecham, B. A. Nelson, S. Graham, W. P. King, “Electrical, Thermal, and Mechanical Characterization of Silicon Microcantilever Heaters,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 15, 1644-1655, 2006.
  • Allen, A., A. Cannon, J. Lee, W. P. King, and S. Graham, “Flexible Microdevices based on Carbon Nanotubes,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 16, 2722-2729, 2006.
  • Cannon, A. H., A. C. Allen, S. Graham, and W. P. King, “Molding Ceramic Microstructures on Flat and Curved Surfaces with and without Embedded Carbon Nanotubes,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 16, 2554-2563, 2006.
  • Bakbak, S., P. K. Leech, B. E. Carson, S. Saxena, W. P. King, and U. H. F. Bunz, “1,3-Dipolar Cycloaddition for the Generation of Nanostructured Semiconductors by Heated Probe Tips,” Macromolecules, 39, 6793-6795, 2006.
  • King, W. P., S. Saxena, B. A. Nelson, and B. Weeks, “Nanoscale Thermal Analysis of an Energetic Material,” Nano Letters, 6, 2145-2149, 2006.
  • Sunden, E. O., J. K. Moon, C. P. Wong, W. P. King, and S. A. Graham, “Microwave Assisted Patterning of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes onto Polymer Substrates,” Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, 24, 1947-1950, 2006.
  • Yang, M., P. E. Sheehan, W. P. King, and L. J. Whitman, “Direct Writing of a Conducting Polymer with Molecular Control of Physical Dimensions and Orientation,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128, 6774-6775, 2006.
  • Allen, A., E. O. Sunden, A. Cannon, S. Graham, and W. P. King, “Nanomaterial Transfer using Hot Embossing for Flexible Electronic Devices,” Applied Physics Letters, 88, 083112, 2006. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology.
  • Sunden, E. O., J. Lee, T. L. Wright, W. P. King, and S. Graham, “Room Temperature Chemical Vapor Deposition and Mass Detection on a Heated Atomic Force Microscope Cantilever,” Applied Physics Letters, 88, 033107, 2006. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology.
  • Nelson, B. A., W. P. King, A. R. Laracuente, P. A. Sheehan, and L. J. Whitman, “Direct Nanoscale Deposition of Continuous Metal Nanostructures using Thermal Dip Pen Nanolithography,” Applied Physics Letters, 88, 033104, 2006. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology.
  • Charest, J. L., M. T. Eliason, A. J. Garcia, and W. P. King, “Combined Microscale Mechanical Topography and Chemical Patterns on Polymer Substrates for Cell Culture,” Biomaterials, 27, 2487-2494, 2006.
  • Charest, J. L., M. T. Eliason, A. J. Garcia, W. P. King, A. A. Talin, and B. A. Simmons, “Polymer Cell Culture Substrates with Combined Nanotopographical Patterns and Micropatterned Chemical Domains,” Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, 23, 3011-3014, 2005. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology 12: 25, 2005. Also republished online in the Virtual Journal of Biological Physics Research 10: 12, 2005.
  • Rowland, H. D., W. P. King, A. C. Sun, and P. R. Schunk, “Simulations of Non-Uniform Embossing: The Effect of Asymmetric Neighbor Cavities on Polymer Flow during Nanoimprint Lithography,” Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, 23, 2958-2962, 2005.
  • King, W. P., “Design Analysis of Heated Atomic Force Microscope Cantilevers for Nanotopography Measurements,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 15, 2441-2448, 2005.
  • Rowland, H. D., A. C. Sun, P. R. Schunk, and W. P. King, “Impact of Polymer Film Thickness and Cavity Size on Polymer Flow during Nanoimprint Lithography,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 15, 2414-2425, 2005.
  • Cannon, A., Y. Hua, C. Henderson, and W. P. King, “Self-assembly for Three-Dimensional Integration of Functional Electrical Components,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 15, 2172-2178, 2005.
  • Masters, N., W. Ye, and W. P. King, “The Impact of Sub-Continuum Gas Conduction on the Sensitivity of Heated Atomic Force Microscope Cantilevers,” Physics of Fluids, 17, 100615, 2005. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology 12: 16, 2005.
  • Gurrum, S. J., Y. K. Joshi, W. P. King, and K. Ramakrishna, “Scanning Joule Expansion Microscopy of a Constriction in a Thin Metallic Film,” Journal of Heat Transfer, 127, 809, 2005.
  • Nelson, B. A., W. P. King, and K. Gall, “Shape Recovery of Nanoscale Imprints in a Thermoset “Shape Memory” Polymer,” Applied Physics Letters, 86, 103108-103110, 2005. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology 11: 10, 2005.
  • Gurrum, S., Y. Joshi, W. P. King, and K. Ramakrishna, “Numerical Simulation of Electron Transport through Constriction in a Metallic Thin Film,“ Electron Device Letters, 25, 696-698, 2004.
  • Charest, J. L., L. E. Bryant, A. Garcia, and W. P. King, “Hot Embossing for Micro Patterned Cell Substrates,” Biomaterials, 25, 4767-4775, 2004.
  • Chen, Y. B., Q. Zhu, T. L. Wright, W. P. King, and Z. M. Zhang, “Bidirectional Reflectance Measurements of Silicon Microstructures,” International Journal of Thermophysics, 25, 1235-1252, 2004.
  • Poggi, M. A., E. D. Gadsby, L. A. Bottomley, W. P. King, E. Oroudjev, and H. Hansma, “Scanning Probe Microscopy,” Analytical Chemistry, 76, 3432-3446, 2004.
  • Rowland, H. D. and W. P. King, “Polymer Deformation and Filling Modes during Microembossing,” Journal of Micromechanics and Mircroengineering, 14, 1625-1632, 2004.
  • Sheehan, P. A., L. J. Whitman, W. P. King, and B. A. Nelson, “Nanoscale Deposition of Solid Inks via Thermal Dip Pen Nanolithography,” Applied Physics Letters, 85, 1589-1591, 2004. Republished online in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology, 10, 2004.
  • King, W. P., T. W. Kenny, and K. E. Goodson, “Comparison of Thermal and Piezoresistive Sensing Approaches for Atomic Force Microscopy Topography Measurements, “Applied Physics Letters, 25, 2086-2088, 2004.
  • King, W. P., T. W. Kenny, K. E. Goodson, G. L. W. Cross, M. Despont, U. Dürig, H. Rothuizen, G. K. Binnig, and P. Vettiger, “Design of Atomic Force Microscope Cantilevers for Combined Thermomechanical Writing and Ready in Array Operation,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 11, 765-774, 2002.
  • King, W. P. and K. E. Goodson, “Thermal Writing and Nanoimaging with a Heated Atomic Force Microscope Cantilever,” Journal of Heat Transfer, 124, 597, 2002.
  • King, W. P., T. W. Kenny, K. E. Goodson, G. L. W. Cross, M. Despont, U. Dürig, H. Rothuizen, G. Binnig, and P. Vettiger, “Atomic Force Microscope Cantilevers for Combined Thermomechanical Data Writing and Reading,” Applied Physics Letters, 78, 1300-1302, 2001.
  • Dürig, U., G. L. W. Cross, M. Despont, U. Drechsler, W. Haeberle, M. I. Lutwyche, H. Rothuizen, R. Stutz, R. Widmer, P. Vettiger, G. K. Binnig, W. P. King, and K. E. Goodson, “Millipede- An AFM Data Storage System at the Frontier of Nanotribology,” Tribology Letters, 25-32, 2000.

Professional Societies

  • Member, Materials Research Society
  • Member, American Physical Society
  • Member, IEEE
  • Member, ASME

Teaching Honors

Georgia Institute of Technology Class of 1969 Teaching Fellow, 2005-2006

Research Honors

  • ASME Gustus-Larson Memorial Award, 2013
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science, Fellow, 2013
  • Fellow, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2011
  • Society of Manufacturing Engineers, "Innovations that will Change Manufacturing," 2011
  • Abel Bliss Professor, College of Engineering, UIUC, 2011-2016
  • Best Paper Award, IEEE Sensors Conference, 2010.
  • Willett Faculty Scholar, College of Engineering, UIUC, 2010
  • Naval Research Laboratory Edison Award for Innovation, 2010
  • ASME Bergles-Roshenow Young Investigator Award in Heat Transfer, 2009
  • Xerox Award, College of Engineering, UIUC, 2009
  • R&D 100 Award – “VESTA”- one of the 100 most technologically significant innovations to enter the market, 2008
  • Fellow, Defense Sciences Research Council, 2007-2009
  • Micro/Nano 25 Award - “Nano Thermal Analysis”- one of the 25 most significant micro/nano technology innovations, 2007
  • R&D 100 Award – “Nano Thermal Analysis”- one of the 100 most technologically significant innovations to enter the market, 2007
  • Office of Naval Research Young Investigator Award, 2007-2010
  • TR35 – Technology Review’s list of the most innovative people under the age of 35, 2006
  • Invited Participant, 2006 US-Japan Young Researcher’s Exchange Program for Nanotechnology and Nanomanufacturing, 2006
  • Society of Manufacturing Engineers International Branimir F. von Turkovich Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineer Award, 2006
  • Kritzer Faculty Scholar, Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, UIUC, 2006-2010
  • Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, PECASE, 2005-2010
  • Department of Energy Defense Program Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, 2005-2010
  • Invited Participant, National Academy of Sciences Keck Futures Conference on Nanobiotechnology, 2004
  • University of Dayton School of Engineering Outstanding Alumni Award, 2004
  • National Science Foundation CAREER Award, 2003-2008
  • IBM Graduate Research Fellow, 2000-2002