PhD 1951, University of Wisconsin, Madison; SM in EE 1948, MIT; BS in EE, 1944 Mich. Tech; EE (professional) 1950, Mich. Tech. EE 1950 Mich. Tech
- Radio Astronomy Instrumentation
- Radio Engineering
- Physical Acoustics (propagation, diffraction, absorption of sound, noise mitigation)
- Radio tracking and telemetry of wildlife
- Radio Direction Finding
- Antennas for communication and wireless sensing
- Atmospheric and ionospheric measurements
- Coherent optics/imaging
- Electromagnetics and Optics
- Radio and optical wave propagation
Member, National Academy of Engineering, 1978; Fellow, IEEE; Fellow AAAS; Guggenheim Fellow
Current research in radio direction finding and in physical acoustics is supported by the U. S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory.
Public Service Honors
Pro bono consulting (2000 to present) on radio telemetry for wildlife research for Princeton University, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, and Max Planck Institute for Ornithology.